by Amanda Connor
As a spokesperson for the Question Two campaign and a strong supporter, I am still feeling the “buzz” from Tuesday’s election results. Nevadans agree that adults should not be punished for choosing to use marijuana, privately and responsibly. As we move forward, many people are starting to question when and where this legal marijuana can be purchased and how this will affect Nevada’s Medical Marijuana Program.
What are the laws governing recreational marijuana?
Initiative Petition 1 is the ballot initiative that voters passed on November 8, 2016. The Initiative sets forth an outline of the recreational marijuana laws, such as who will regulate the industry, the amount of the excise tax, and how much marijuana people are allowed to buy, use, and possess. The Initiative is an outline, though, and the Department of Taxation will issue regulations that will determine the qualifications for ownership, the rules on advertisements, requirements for testing, etc.
Can I purchase recreational marijuana today?
No, Initiative Petition 1, the ballot initiative that passed on November 8, 2016 does not become effective until January 1, 2017. See below for more information on when you may be to make purchases.
When will adults over 21 be able to purchase marijuana?
The effective date of Initiative Petition 1 is January 1, 2017. That does not mean adults over 21 can go into a dispensary on January 1, 2017 and legally purchase “recreational” marijuana. Rather, the Department of Taxation has 12 months from that date to issue regulations and begin accepting applications for marijuana establishments that will sell recreational marijuana, or dual licensees, which can sell both recreational and medical marijuana.
The Department of Taxation must approve or deny an application within 90 days after receipt of the application. Therefore, it is anticipated that legal recreational sales will occur around April of 2018.
However, Senator Tick Segerblom, widely considered the “godfather of marijuana” in Nevada, has again taken the lead on marijuana in Nevada and is organizing a trip to Oregon to do research on their “Early Start” program, which allowed sales of recreational marijuana earlier than their ballot initiative contemplated. If Senator Segerblom finds that a similar program would be successful in Nevada, then it is possible for the Nevada legislature to enact a similar “Early Start” program to allow legal sales of recreational marijuana prior to 2018.
What is allowed?
As of January 1, people will be able to possess, use, and consume up to 1 ounce of marijuana and 1/8th of an ounce of concentrated marijuana. Also, cultivation and possession of up to 6 plants will be legal unless a person resides within 25 miles of a dispensary. While possession and consumption is legal January 1, 2017, you must stay tuned on the date legal purchases can be made.
What is the tax rate?
Initiative Petition 1 imposes a 15% excise sales tax on wholesale sales in addition to state and local sales, which will be used to pay for costs of administering the program, with the remaining funds going to the State’s school distributive account.
How will Initiative Petition 1 affect the medical marijuana program?
With regards to the impact on the medical marijuana program, Initiative Petition 1 states that nothing in the Petition shall be construed to affect the medical marijuana program under NRS 453A. Therefore, patients do not need to worry that their rights or understanding of the medical marijuana program will change in any way.
What does Regulate Marijuana like Alcohol Mean?
The Department of Taxation will regulate recreational marijuana, which will be cultivated and sold in a three-tier model similar to alcohol.
Can people use marijuana in public now?
No, Initiative Petition 1 allows for criminal penalties for persons who smoke or consume marijuana in a public place, retail marijuana store, or moving vehicle. It will still be illegal to consume marijuana in a public place and you will most likely be in violation of Nevada’s DUI laws if you consume it in a vehicle, even a parked vehicle, so do not consume marijuana in a vehicle or in public.
Do employment or DUI laws change?
Initiative Petition 1 is explicit that it does not change DUI laws or employment law. The Petition states that it does not allow a person to drive under the influence or be in actual physical control of a vehicle while under the influence. The Nevada Legislature may make changes to Nevada’s DUI laws, but this ballot initiative does not. Similarly, the Petition specifically states that it does not prohibit a public or private employer from maintaining, enacting, and enforcing a workplace policy prohibiting or restrictions actions under the Petition. Therefore, the Petition does not change employment allow or prevent employers from prohibiting marijuana use by employees.
Can I get a license for a recreational marijuana facility?
Under Initiative Petition 1, only a “Retail Marijuana Store” may sell marijuana and marijuana products to consumers. The Initiative sets forth how many dispensaries will be permitted in each county. The Initiative also sets forth that there will be marijuana cultivation facilities, marijuana product manufacturing facilities, marijuana testing facilities, and marijuana distributors.
The Department of Taxation will adopt regulations governing the process to apply for a marijuana establishment license and the qualifications for licensure. The Department must adopt those regulations by January 1, 2018. The Department must begin accepting applications at that time, and must approve or deny the applications within 90 days of receipt. For the first 18 months from the date the Department begins accepting applications, the Department shall only accept licenses for recreational marijuana establishments (product manufacturing facilities, cultivation facilities, and dispensaries) from “persons holding a medical marijuana establishment registration certificate.” Therefore, if you do not hold a medical marijuana establishment registration certificate, you must wait for 18 months after the Department of Taxation begins to accept applications until you may apply to operate a retail marijuana store, cultivation facility, or product manufacturing facility.
As always, I welcome calls from patients and businesses regarding marijuana issues. I am proud of our state and look forward to being involved in shaping the regulatory framework for recreational marijuana. Contact Connor and Connor regarding any questions about marijuana legalization in Nevada.
Our law firm is dedicated to helping those with questions about medicinal or recreational usage in the state of Nevada. If you have questions regarding marijuana laws, contact the Connor & Connor law firm today. Connor & Connor Pllc focuses its practice on personal injury, criminal defense and civil litigation. Our attorneys are licensed to practice law in all Nevada state and federal courts. This blog is written by Derek Connor at Connor & Connor PLLC. If you have questions about your legal rights, contact one of the attorneys for a free consultation.
In light of medical marijuana having a growing presence recently, there has been a spotlight on the medicinal properties it possesses. Typically, when cannabis is mentioned, the term tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is dropped left and right and is usually recognized as the plant’s main medicinal constituent. In reality, (THC) is one of 483 known compounds in the plant including at least 84 cannabinoids, such as Cannabidiol (CBD), cannabinol (CBN), Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV), and cannabigerol(CBG).
Another class of pharmacologically beneficial compounds present in cannabis is the terpene. Terpenes (/ˈtɜːrpiːn/) are organic compounds attributed to giving plants their notable aroma and taste. Terpenes are found everywhere in nature in plants and insects. Insects use terpenes as a way of communication and even as a luring mechanism for mating. Some plants such as pine and firs use terpenes as a defense mechanism to ward away predators. Terpenes even have their own medicinal properties!
When used synergistically with cannabinoids, terpenes can enhance the effects of the cannabis plant. As cannabinoids bind to the endocannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2, terpenes interact indirectly with them to affect their chemical output by modifying the availability of cannabinoids that pass through the blood-brain barrier. They even enhance neurotransmitters such as serotonin and dopamine by altering the rate of production, destruction, movement, and availability of receptors.
The following is a list of our ingredients and their respective naturally occurring terpenes-
- Mint: Alpha-Pinene, Limonene, Camphene
- Key lime: Limonene
- Cinnamon: Limonene, Linalool, Camphene, Beta- Caryophyllene
- Blueberry: Limonene, Linalool
- Cocoa: Linalool
Limonene has been described to have a citrus aroma much like a lime and an orange. Strains with high limonene presences have been known for their uplifting and motivating properties. Research shows that limonene halts the growth of many species of fungi and bacteria, thus making it an ideal method of treating ailments like toenail fungus. Plants use limoneneas a defense mechanism against predators. Further, because limonene has antibacterial properties it is even used in citrus cleaners.
Linalool is known for its floral and lavender undertones. Linalool is attributed to the calming, relaxing effects properties of lavender and has been used for centuries as a sleep aid. Linalool counteracts the onset of anxiousness and paranoid emotions provoked by high THC percentages, deeming it an effective treatment of both psychosis and anxiety. Studies also suggest that linalool boosts the immune system and has been known to restore cognitive and emotional function (making it useful in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease).
Camphene is described to have a pungent aroma notable in pines. According to the Vallianou et al study, camphene reduces plasma cholesterol and triglycerides in hyperlipidemic rats. Being that hyperlipidemia plays into heart disease, this study shines a light on how camphene potentially can be used as an alternative to pharmaceutical lipid lowering agents which are known to cause intestinal problems, liver damage, and muscle inflammation.
Beta-caryophyllene can be found in plants such as cloves, cinnamon, and black pepper. Its aroma has been described as spicy and woody. Caryophyllene is the only terpene known to interact directly with the endocannabinoid system (CB2). Studies show caryophyllene sourced from black pepper oil possesses antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
Pinene, as its name suggests, emits aromas of pine and fir. There are two structural isomers of Pinene found in nature: α-Pinene and β-Pinene; α-Pinene is the most prevalent terpenoid found in nature. It is most noticeable in pine woods and some citrus fruits. Pinene is used in medicine as an expectorant, anti-inflammatory and local antiseptic.
From a young age we are taught that our bodies are made up of 98 percent water and that the daily recommendation of water intake is 64 ounces or eight, 8-ounce glasses of water per day. In reality, lean body mass contains about 70 to 75 percent water with fat containing much less: about 10 to 40 percent water. These variables are different for everyone, hence an individual’s required amount of water consumption to stay healthily hydrated will be dependent on their body type and body mass index.
It is very important to be aware of one’s hydration levels, especially when consuming mind-altering substances such as alcohol and marijuana. Though you never want to reach a level of dehydration, it happens easily when you are having fun in the sun here in the desert.
Signs of Dehydration
- Hunger after eating
- Dry lips/mouth
- Bladder pain
- Yellow smelly urine
- Excessive thirstiness
- Dry skin
- Bad breath
- Muscle cramps
You never want to wait until it’s too late to start drinking water, so try to balance your consumption throughout the day and night. The Institute of Medicine determined that an adequate intake for men is roughly 13 cups (104 ounces) and for women about 9 cups (72 ounces) of total beverages a day. Yes, infused drinks and the splash of tea in your strong island is included in total beverages. Just remember alcohol is extremely dehydrating so you will have to compensate if you’re indulging in an adult beverage.
Let’s get creative!
Aside from drinking water from a glass in the regular way that you would, here are some creative suggestions to increase your fluid intake and stay well hydrated.
- Smoothies are extremely refreshing in the hot temperatures and not only have a high water content but also are high in electrolytes, and important nutrients necessary for the absorption of water. The fiber in smoothie fruit pulp helps hold water in the body so you can make every drop count.
- Try eating more soup or salad with meals. Be cautious of the sodium levels as salt depletes the body of water more quickly. Use water-rich foods in your salad and soup like squash, cucumber, zucchini, lettuce, greens, tomatoes, etc.
- Fruits are nature’s fast food and most are 90 percent water with stabilizing electrolytes. They’re also a good source of fiber and will satisfy your sweet tooth.
- Avoid processed foods that are usually high in sodium and have little water content. Instead, try consuming fresh options that won’t dry out your system and cause bloating.
- You can always add some refreshing zest to your water to get excited about drinking it. Try adding lemon, cucumber, or mint for an exciting twist. All fluids including tea, coffee, juices, milk, and soups (again excluding alcohol). According to the most recent report by the National Research Council’s Food and Nutrition Board, the amount of caffeine in tea and coffee does not discount the fluid in them.
- Use a helpful water consumption app on your smartphone to measure your water intake and set reminders to drink.
- Here in our birthplace of Southern Nevada, we are lucky enough to have IV bars like REVIV (MGM Grand Hotel & Casino) where you can get rehydrated if you’re feeling particularly parched. They don’t just specialize in IV therapy, they’ve also got hydrating tonics and booster shots.
No matter what, for the optimal enjoyment of whatever consumption you’re indulging in, make sure you enjoy it with water!
Here at VERT we are very selective about which ingredients we use in our products. We hand- select every ingredient to make sure it has the maximum benefit on your health. Our organic ingredients come right from Mother Nature, who put medicine in her own products. Not only is VERT medically good for you, it is also nutritious. Each cookie has the perfect dose of medicine and health.
Here are some ingredients you will find in VERT products and a bit about why we have chosen them:
Key Lime Pie Juice: Our key lime pie juice is sourced directly from Florida. One ounce of it contains 14 percent of the daily recommended Vitamin C. Vitamin C acts as an antioxidant that helps the body fight infections and other ailments.
Cinnamon: Cinnamon reduces the frequency of blood sugar spikes and enhances digestion. Not only that, but it helps fight infections as well!
Vanilla: We use only real vanilla in our products because of its ability to lower blood pressure and fight off infections in the body.
Sea Salt: Sea salt is known to relieve pain from rheumatoid arthritis and balances electrolytes. It is another ingredient that reduces blood pressure and blood sugar.
Cocoa: Cocoa lowers LCL cholesterol and glucose, which keeps your circulatory system. It is another ingredient that helps fight infections.
Mint: Mint helps digestion by releasing salivary digestive enzymes that break down the food along the way.
Dark Chocolate: Dark chocolate helps lower blood pressure as well as reduces the risk of heart attack. Natural antioxidant compounds increase the flexibility of veins and arteries. It increases the production of nitric oxide to help control insulin and prevent diabetes.
Tahitian Vanilla Bean: Tahitian vanilla bean is a natural food preservative that also protects the body from toxins and other harmful components.
Strawberries: The organic strawberries used in our cookies are picked at the peak of their season and frozen to ensure the maximum use of antioxidants.
Peanut Topping: The peanut topping is a source of healthy fatty acids such as Omega-3 and Omega-6.
Blueberry Oil: The blueberry oil used in our cookies is loaded with antioxidants such as potassium for heart health and to give iron to red blood cells.